Institute of Labour Market Information and Analysis (ILMIA)
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Soalan Lazim

What is the function of ILMIA?

ILMIA serves as an information centre for labour data and analysis for the Malaysian labour market. At ILMIA, we are responsible for ensuring that data is accurate and up to date as well as facilitating data sharing with users. ILMIA is also the agency responsible for conducting research / studies on the labour market in Malaysia. The results of these studies will be published and used as a guide for policy-making relating to national labour.

What kind of data can be obtained from ILMIA?

Among the data that are available are data on key labour market indicators, supply and demand by economic sectors and NKEAs, average wage according to sectors, and skills by occupation.

Who uses ILMIA Portal?

ILMIA aims to inform users that are government, independent researchers, self-employed and employers, employees, students and public. The ILMIA portal can be used by all categories of user and strives to use language that is simple, non-technical and easily understood by all.

From where does ILMIA source the data that it analyses?

Data sources are obtained principally from several government agencies such as the Department of Statistics, Ministry of Education, Bank Negara Malaysia, the Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Human Resources and others, including the private sector if made available.

What is the difference between the terms 'Labour Force' and 'Workforce'?

The term 'labour force' refers to all people in Malaysia aged between 15 and 64 years who are at work or unemployed. The 'Workforce' is another category which includes those who do any work for pay, profit or family gain (whether as employer, employee, self-employed or unpaid family worker).

What is the definition of 'Unemployment' and the 'Unemployment Rate'?

  • 'Unemployment' means the population aged between 15 and 64 years in the labour force category who are willing to, and actively looking for, work.
  • 'Unemployment rate' means the number of unemployed compared to the total labour force expressed as a percentage.

What is meant by 'Outside The Labour Force' and how does it differ from unemployment?

'Outside the labour force' refers to those who are not classified as employed or unemployed, such as housewives, students, retirees and those not interested in finding employment. Unemployed, on the other hand, means those who have yet to get a job but are willing to, and actively seeking, work.

Is the unemployment rate in Malaysia better than in other countries?

Overall, the unemployment rate in Malaysia is on average 3.4% (2016). This rate is lower than that in Australia (5.8%) and Brazil (5.6%). Malaysia's unemployment rate is basically stable and some would consider that full employment in the economy has been achieved. Although, in principle, a lower unemployment rate indicates the economy is steady, the unemployment rate will not reduce to zero as there will always be unemployment due to frictions or timing lags, as a result of, for example, employees moving to new jobs or changes in technology.

How can i get hold of books published by ILMIA?

Books and journals published by ILMIA are available online (softcopy) in the publications section. In addition, users can apply in writing or visit ILMIA's office to get printed copies.

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Quick reference of recently completed studies - Forthcoming

Sabah Development Corridor (SDC)

Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER)

Iskandar Malaysia (IM)

Study on Wages Structure in Major Economic Sectors

ILO Study - Green Jobs Mapping: Malaysia

National Employment Returns (NER)

Cities & Corridors (C&C)

Five regional Cities and Economic Corridors have been identified to drive the economic growth of Malaysia. Each regional economic City and Corridor has its own hub and implementing authority

Research Details

A Study on Human Capital Requirement : Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE)

As in the other corridor research, this study will examine the human capital requirements associated with development and investment efforts focused on five growth regional nodes within SCORE, but also Kota Samarahan.  

Research Details

A Study on Developing Leading and Lagging Indicator for Human Capital Development to Support the 11th Malaysia Plan

This study should provide recommendations on a core set of labour market indicators that will catalyse the transformation to enhance human capital measures incorporated within the 11th Malaysia Plan to drive to the country to high income status. 

Research Details

Building up The Labour Market Information Data Warehouse (LMIDW)

The Labour Market Information Data Warehouse (LMIDW) is a data warehouse for storage of labour market workforce and workplace statistical figures from data sources within the Department of Statistics (DOS), Economic Planning Unit (EPU), the Ministry of Human Resource and other labour market information gathering stakeholders , with each organisation adopting a different framework and method when sourcing the  data. 

Research Details

A Study on the Development of National Strategic Plan: Employment Of Senior Citizens In Malaysia

Malaysia's senior citizen population (aged 60 years old and above) has increased from 6% of the population in 1990 to 10% in 2017. By 2030, this will grow to 15%, making Malaysia an "aged country".

To promote active ageing, the Malaysian government commissioned this study to increase labour force participation and volunteering among senior citizens. Its main objectives are to:

  • Define the National Strategic Development Plan: Inclusion and Employment of Malaysia's Ageing Population for 2030
  • Identify work challenges, opportunities, supports, and policies to safeguard senior citizens
  • Analyze socio-economic benefits of utilizing senior citizens
  • Analyze impact of senior citizen employment on younger workforce
  • Benchmark relevant policies of other ageing/aged countries
  • Define requirements for a centralized database to capture senior citizens' profiles and work opportunities

This study uses primary and secondary research methods to identify challenges of aged and ageing population (supply side) and also employers/NGOs (demand side). Benchmarks of ageing/aged countries were conducted to understand how they have dealt with similar challenges. These learnings are then reviewed for their suitability in Malaysia and form the basis for developing a national blueprint.

Research Details

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Institute of Labour Market Information and Analysis (ILMIA), Ministry of Human Resources
G07-G12, Ground Floor, Right Wing, Block 2320, Century Square Jalan Usahawan, Cyber 6,
63000 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia