Portal Rasmi Institut Maklumat dan Analisis Pasaran Buruh (ILMIA)
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Frequently Asked Question

What is the function of ILMIA?

ILMIA serves as an information centre for labour data and analysis for the Malaysian labour market. At ILMIA, we are responsible for ensuring that data is accurate and up to date as well as facilitating data sharing with users. ILMIA is also the agency responsible for conducting research / studies on the labour market in Malaysia. The results of these studies will be published and used as a guide for policy-making relating to national labour.

What kind of data can be obtained from ILMIA?

Among the data that are available are data on key labour market indicators, supply and demand by economic sectors and NKEAs, average wage according to sectors, and skills by occupation.

Who uses ILMIA Portal?

ILMIA aims to inform users that are government, independent researchers, self-employed and employers, employees, students and public. The ILMIA portal can be used by all categories of user and strives to use language that is simple, non-technical and easily understood by all.

From where does ILMIA source the data that it analyses?

Data sources are obtained principally from several government agencies such as the Department of Statistics, Ministry of Education, Bank Negara Malaysia, the Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Human Resources and others, including the private sector if made available.

What is the difference between the terms 'Labour Force' and 'Workforce'?

The term 'labour force' refers to all people in Malaysia aged between 15 and 64 years who are at work or unemployed. The 'Workforce' is another category which includes those who do any work for pay, profit or family gain (whether as employer, employee, self-employed or unpaid family worker).

What is the definition of 'Unemployment' and the 'Unemployment Rate'?

  • 'Unemployment' means the population aged between 15 and 64 years in the labour force category who are willing to, and actively looking for, work.
  • 'Unemployment rate' means the number of unemployed compared to the total labour force expressed as a percentage.

What is meant by 'Outside The Labour Force' and how does it differ from unemployment?

'Outside the labour force' refers to those who are not classified as employed or unemployed, such as housewives, students, retirees and those not interested in finding employment. Unemployed, on the other hand, means those who have yet to get a job but are willing to, and actively seeking, work.

Is the unemployment rate in Malaysia better than in other countries?

Overall, the unemployment rate in Malaysia is on average 3.4% (2016). This rate is lower than that in Australia (5.8%) and Brazil (5.6%). Malaysia's unemployment rate is basically stable and some would consider that full employment in the economy has been achieved. Although, in principle, a lower unemployment rate indicates the economy is steady, the unemployment rate will not reduce to zero as there will always be unemployment due to frictions or timing lags, as a result of, for example, employees moving to new jobs or changes in technology.

How can i get hold of books published by ILMIA?

Books and journals published by ILMIA are available online (softcopy) in the publications section. In addition, users can apply in writing or visit ILMIA's office to get printed copies.

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Soal Selidik

Soal Selidik ILMIA

ILMIA sedaya upaya menyimpan semua rekod berkaitan soal selidik yang meliputi pasaran buruh di Malaysia. Komponen utama adalah berkaitan penerangan mengenai semua soal selidik ILMIA, seperti NER, Indeks Gaji, Kos Buruh, Environmental Scan dan sebagainya serta lain-lain soal selidik yang dikendalikan oleh jabatan dan agensi di bawah KSM. Selain itu, perkongsian juga meliputi soal selidik dan kajian dari agensi kerajaan dan organisasi swasta lain yang mempunyai perjanjian persefahaman dalam aspek perkongsian data dan maklumat melalui platform LMIDW. Dalam masa yang sama, kajian-kajian lain juga akan dikumpulkan dan pautan akan disediakan berdasarkan maklumat yang diberikan.



ILMIA telah menjalankan Kajian Guna Tenaga Kebangsaan (NER) sejak tehun 2007. Kajian NER yang dijalankan sekarang adalah bagi menggantikan kajian yang terdahulu yang dikenali sebagai Kajian Guna Tenaga Tahunan (AER). NER dijalankan setiap dua tahun sekali terhadap firma dan majikan yang berdaftar di Malaysia. Selain memberikan suatu kefahaman terhadap pasaran buruh dan tren gaji di Malaysia, NER merupakan wahana yang berguna untuk membangunkan dasar Sumber manusia.

 Klik sini untuk ke laman Soal Selidik NER 2018



Satu projek untuk membangunkan indeks gaji kebangsaan (NWI) telah laksanakan oleh ILMIA bagi memenuhi inisiatif yang dinyatakan dalam Rancangan Malaysia Kesebelas (RMK11). NWI akan mengukur perubahan gaji dan upah dalam pasaran buruh Malaysia, dengan perincian mengikut kategori pekerjaan utama MASCO dan sektor ekonomi MISC, bersama-sama dengan maklumat sosio-ekonomi yang lain. Soal selidik NWI telah dilaksanakan pada suku terakhir bulan September 2016 dan dijangka siap pertengahan tahun 2018.

Lain-lain Soal Selidik

ILMIA membuka peluang kepada mana-mana agensi kerajaan atau organisasi swasta untuk mempromosikan soal selidik mereka yang berkaitan maklumat pasaran buruh, tertakluk kepada perjanjian perkongsian yang dipersetujui bersama. Bagi mereka yang berminat, boleh berbuat sedemikian. pautan akan disediakan berdasarkan maklumat yang diberikan.